Swift:如何在设备旋转后刷新UICollectionView布局

问题描述 投票:44回答:12

我使用UICollectionView(flowlayout)来构建一个简单的布局。使用self.view.frame.width将每个单元格的宽度设置为屏幕宽度

但是当我旋转设备时,单元格不会更新。

enter image description here

我找到了一个函数,在调整方向时调用它:

override func willRotateToInterfaceOrientation(toInterfaceOrientation: 
  UIInterfaceOrientation, duration: NSTimeInterval) {
    //code
}

但我无法找到更新UICollectionView布局的方法

主要代码在这里:

class ViewController: UIViewController , UICollectionViewDelegate , UICollectionViewDataSource , UICollectionViewDelegateFlowLayout{

    @IBOutlet weak var myCollection: UICollectionView!

    var numOfItemsInSecOne: Int!
    override func viewDidLoad() {
        super.viewDidLoad()

        numOfItemsInSecOne = 8
        // Do any additional setup after loading the view, typically from a nib.
    }

    override func didReceiveMemoryWarning() {
        super.didReceiveMemoryWarning()
        // Dispose of any resources that can be recreated.
    }

    override func willRotateToInterfaceOrientation(toInterfaceOrientation: UIInterfaceOrientation, duration: NSTimeInterval) {

        //print("orientation Changed")
    }

    func numberOfSectionsInCollectionView(collectionView: UICollectionView) -> Int {
        return 1
    }

    func collectionView(collectionView: UICollectionView, numberOfItemsInSection section: Int) -> Int {
        return numOfItemsInSecOne
    }

    func collectionView(collectionView: UICollectionView, cellForItemAtIndexPath indexPath: NSIndexPath) -> UICollectionViewCell {
        let cell = collectionView.dequeueReusableCellWithReuseIdentifier("cellO", forIndexPath: indexPath)

        return cell
    }

    func collectionView(collectionView: UICollectionView, layout collectionViewLayout: UICollectionViewLayout, sizeForItemAtIndexPath indexPath: NSIndexPath) -> CGSize{
    let itemSize = CGSize(width: self.view.frame.width, height: 100)
    return itemSize
    }}
ios swift uicollectionview flowlayout
12个回答
52
投票

添加此功能:

override func viewDidLayoutSubviews() {
    super.viewDidLayoutSubviews() 
    myCollection.collectionViewLayout.invalidateLayout()
}

更改方向时,将调用此函数。


1
投票

这个对我有用。这是Objective-C中的代码:

- (void)viewDidLayoutSubviews {
  [super viewDidLayoutSubviews];
  [collectionView.collectionViewLayout invalidateLayout];
}

0
投票

调用viewWillLayoutSubviews不是最佳选择。首先尝试调用invalidateLayout()方法。

如果遇到The behaviour of the UICollectionViewFlowLayout is not defined错误,则需要根据新布局验证视图中的所有元素是否已更改其大小。 (请参阅示例代码中的可选步骤)

这是代码,让你入门。根据您的用户界面的创建方式,您可能需要尝试找到正确的视图来调用recalculate方法,但这应该指导您迈出第一步。

override func viewWillTransition(to size: CGSize, with coordinator: UIViewControllerTransitionCoordinator) {

    super.viewWillTransition(to: size, with: coordinator)

    /// (Optional) Additional step 1. Depending on your layout, you may have to manually indicate that the content size of a visible cells has changed
    /// Use that step if you experience the `the behavior of the UICollectionViewFlowLayout is not defined` errors.

    collectionView.visibleCells.forEach { cell in
        guard let cell = cell as? CustomCell else {
            print("`viewWillTransition` failed. Wrong cell type")
            return
        }

        cell.recalculateFrame(newSize: size)

    }

    /// (Optional) Additional step 2. Recalculate layout if you've explicitly set the estimatedCellSize and you'll notice that layout changes aren't automatically visible after the #3

    (collectionView.collectionViewLayout as? CustomLayout)?.recalculateLayout(size: size)


    /// Step 3 (or 1 if none of the above is applicable)

    coordinator.animate(alongsideTransition: { context in
        self.collectionView.collectionViewLayout.invalidateLayout()
    }) { _ in
        // code to execute when the transition's finished.
    }

}

/// Example implementations of the `recalculateFrame` and `recalculateLayout` methods:

    /// Within the `CustomCell` class:
    func recalculateFrame(newSize: CGSize) {
        self.frame = CGRect(x: self.bounds.origin.x,
                            y: self.bounds.origin.y,
                            width: newSize.width - 14.0,
                            height: self.frame.size.height)
    }

    /// Within the `CustomLayout` class:
    func recalculateLayout(size: CGSize? = nil) {
        estimatedItemSize = CGSize(width: size.width - 14.0, height: 100)
    }

    /// IMPORTANT: Within the `CustomLayout` class.
    override func shouldInvalidateLayout(forBoundsChange newBounds: CGRect) -> Bool {

        guard let collectionView = collectionView else {
            return super.shouldInvalidateLayout(forBoundsChange: newBounds)
        }

        if collectionView.bounds.width != newBounds.width || collectionView.bounds.height != newBounds.height {
            return true
        } else {
            return false
        }
    }

0
投票

我用下面的方法解决了这个问题

override func viewDidLayoutSubviews() {
        if let flowLayout = collectionView.collectionViewLayout as? UICollectionViewFlowLayout {
            collectionView.collectionViewLayout.invalidateLayout()
            collectionView.collectionViewLayout = flowLayout
        }
    }

43
投票

更好的选择是调用invalidateLayout()而不是reloadData(),因为它不会强制重新创建单元格,因此性能会略好一些:

override func viewWillLayoutSubviews() {
    super.viewWillLayoutSubviews() 
    myCollection.collectionViewLayout.invalidateLayout()
}

11
投票

您也可以通过这种方式使其无效。

- (void)viewWillTransitionToSize:(CGSize)size withTransitionCoordinator:(id<UIViewControllerTransitionCoordinator>)coordinator {
    [super viewWillTransitionToSize:size withTransitionCoordinator:coordinator];

    [self.collectionView.collectionViewLayout invalidateLayout]; 
}

8
投票

viewWillLayoutSubviews()对我不起作用。 viewDidLayoutSubviews()也没有。两者都使应用程序进入无限循环,我使用打印命令检查。

其中一种方法是工作

override func viewWillTransition(to size: CGSize, with coordinator: UIViewControllerTransitionCoordinator) {
// Reload here
}

4
投票

更新UICollectionViewLayout traitCollectionDidChange方法也可以使用:

override func traitCollectionDidChange(_ previousTraitCollection: UITraitCollection?) {
    super.traitCollectionDidChange(previousTraitCollection)

    guard let previousTraitCollection = previousTraitCollections else {
        return
    }
    collectionView?.collectionViewLayout.invalidateLayout()
}

3
投票

您可以使用更新您的UICollectionView布局

func collectionView(collectionView: UICollectionView, layout collectionViewLayout: UICollectionViewLayout, sizeForItemAtIndexPath indexPath: NSIndexPath) -> CGSize {
    if isLandscape {
        return CGSizeMake(yourLandscapeWidth, yourLandscapeHeight)
    }
    else {
        return CGSizeMake(yourNonLandscapeWidth, yourNonLandscapeHeight)
    }
}

1
投票

我也遇到了一些问题,但随后它解决了:

override func viewWillTransition(to size: CGSize, with coordinator: UIViewControllerTransitionCoordinator) {
        collectionViewFlowLayoutSetup(with: view.bounds.size.width)
        collectionView?.collectionViewLayout.invalidateLayout()
        collectionViewFlowLayoutSetup(with: size.width)
    }

    fileprivate func collectionViewFlowLayoutSetup(with Width: CGFloat){

        if let flowLayout = collectionViewLayout as? UICollectionViewFlowLayout {
            flowLayout.estimatedItemSize = CGSize(width: Width, height: 300)
        }

    }

1
投票

我通过在屏幕方向改变时设置通知并重新加载根据屏幕方向设置项目大小并将索引路径设置为前一个单元格的单元格来解决此问题。这也适用于flowlayout。这是我写的代码:

var cellWidthInLandscape: CGFloat = 0 {
    didSet {
        self.collectionView.reloadData()
    }
}

var lastIndex: Int = 0

override func viewDidLoad() {
    super.viewDidLoad()

    collectionView.dataSource = self
    collectionView.delegate = self
    NotificationCenter.default.addObserver(self, selector: #selector(rotated), name: NSNotification.Name.UIDeviceOrientationDidChange, object: nil)
    cellWidthInLandscape = UIScreen.main.bounds.size.width

}
deinit {
    NotificationCenter.default.removeObserver(self)
}
@objc func rotated() {

        // Setting new width on screen orientation change
        cellWidthInLandscape = UIScreen.main.bounds.size.width

       // Setting collectionView to previous indexpath
        collectionView.scrollToItem(at: IndexPath(item: lastIndex, section: 0), at: .right, animated: false)
}
    override func viewWillTransition(to size: CGSize, with coordinator: UIViewControllerTransitionCoordinator) {
        NotificationCenter.default.addObserver(self, selector: #selector(rotated), name: NSNotification.Name.UIDeviceOrientationDidChange, object: nil)

}

func scrollViewDidEndDecelerating(_ scrollView: UIScrollView) {

   // Getting last contentOffset to calculate last index of collectionViewCell
    lastIndex = Int(scrollView.contentOffset.x / collectionView.bounds.width)
}

func collectionView(_ collectionView: UICollectionView, layout collectionViewLayout: UICollectionViewLayout, sizeForItemAt indexPath: IndexPath) -> CGSize {
        // Setting new width of collectionView Cell
        return CGSize(width: cellWidthInLandscape, height: collectionView.bounds.size.height)

}

1
投票

UICollectionLayout检测到边界更改时,它会询问是否需要重新路由Invalidate布局。您可以直接重写该方法.UICollectionLayout可以在合适的时间调用invalidateLayout方法

class CollectionViewFlowLayout: UICollectionViewFlowLayout{

    /// The default implementation of this method returns false.
    /// Subclasses can override it and return an appropriate value
    /// based on whether changes in the bounds of the collection
    /// view require changes to the layout of cells and supplementary views.
    /// If the bounds of the collection view change and this method returns true,
    /// the collection view invalidates the layout by calling the invalidateLayout(with:) method.
    override func shouldInvalidateLayout(forBoundsChange newBounds: CGRect) -> Bool {

        return (self.collectionView?.bounds ?? newBounds) == newBounds
    }
}