没有名为'arguments'的命名参数。在Flutter中

问题描述 投票:0回答:1

我刚刚开始学习颤动。我在尝试将参数传递到另一页时遇到错误。这是我的代码:

RaisedButton(
   child: Text('Go to second'),
     onPressed: () {
        Navigator.of(context).pushNamed(
            '/second',
            arguments: <String, String>{
            "pas":"soegia"
            }
       );
    },
)

并且错误是:错误:没有名为'arguments'的命名参数。我该如何解决该错误?

非常感谢..*对不起,我英语不好。

android flutter routes
1个回答
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import 'package:flutter/material.dart';

void main() => runApp(MyApp());

class MyApp extends StatelessWidget {
  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return MaterialApp(
        // Provide a function to handle named routes. Use this function to
        // identify the named route being pushed, and create the correct
        // Screen.
        onGenerateRoute: (settings) {
          // If you push the PassArguments route
          if (settings.name == PassArgumentsScreen.routeName) {
            // Cast the arguments to the correct type: ScreenArguments.
            final ScreenArguments args = settings.arguments;

            // Then, extract the required data from the arguments and
            // pass the data to the correct screen.
            return MaterialPageRoute(
              builder: (context) {
                return PassArgumentsScreen(
                  title: args.title,
                  message: args.message,
                );
              },
            );
          }
          // The code only supports PassArgumentsScreen.routeName right now.
          // Other values need to be implemented if we add them. The assertion
          // here will help remind us of that higher up in the call stack, since
          // this assertion would otherwise fire somewhere in the framework.
          assert(false, 'Need to implement ${settings.name}');
          return null;
        },
        title: 'Navigation with Arguments',
        home: HomeScreen(),
        routes: {
          ExtractArgumentsScreen.routeName: (context) =>
              ExtractArgumentsScreen(),
        });
  }
}

class HomeScreen extends StatelessWidget {
  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Scaffold(
      appBar: AppBar(
        title: Text('Home Screen'),
      ),
      body: Center(
        child: Column(
          mainAxisAlignment: MainAxisAlignment.center,
          children: <Widget>[
            // A button that navigates to a named route that. The named route
            // extracts the arguments by itself.
            RaisedButton(
              child: Text("Navigate to screen that extracts arguments"),
              onPressed: () {
                // When the user taps the button, navigate to a named route
                // and provide the arguments as an optional parameter.
                Navigator.pushNamed(
                  context,
                  ExtractArgumentsScreen.routeName,
                  arguments: ScreenArguments(
                    'Extract Arguments Screen',
                    'This message is extracted in the build method.',
                  ),
                );
              },
            ),
            // A button that navigates to a named route. For this route, extract
            // the arguments in the onGenerateRoute function and pass them
            // to the screen.
            RaisedButton(
              child: Text("Navigate to a named that accepts arguments"),
              onPressed: () {
                // When the user taps the button, navigate to a named route
                // and provide the arguments as an optional parameter.
                Navigator.pushNamed(
                  context,
                  PassArgumentsScreen.routeName,
                  arguments: ScreenArguments(
                    'Accept Arguments Screen',
                    'This message is extracted in the onGenerateRoute function.',
                  ),
                );
              },
            ),
          ],
        ),
      ),
    );
  }
}

// A Widget that extracts the necessary arguments from the ModalRoute.
class ExtractArgumentsScreen extends StatelessWidget {
  static const routeName = '/extractArguments';

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    // Extract the arguments from the current ModalRoute settings and cast
    // them as ScreenArguments.
    final ScreenArguments args = ModalRoute.of(context).settings.arguments;

    return Scaffold(
      appBar: AppBar(
        title: Text(args.title),
      ),
      body: Center(
        child: Text(args.message),
      ),
    );
  }
}

// A Widget that accepts the necessary arguments via the constructor.
class PassArgumentsScreen extends StatelessWidget {
  static const routeName = '/passArguments';

  final String title;
  final String message;

  // This Widget accepts the arguments as constructor parameters. It does not
  // extract the arguments from the ModalRoute.
  //
  // The arguments are extracted by the onGenerateRoute function provided to the
  // MaterialApp widget.
  const PassArgumentsScreen({
    Key key,
    @required this.title,
    @required this.message,
  }) : super(key: key);

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Scaffold(
      appBar: AppBar(
        title: Text(title),
      ),
      body: Center(
        child: Text(message),
      ),
    );
  }
}

// You can pass any object to the arguments parameter. In this example,
// create a class that contains both a customizable title and message.
class ScreenArguments {
  final String title;
  final String message;

  ScreenArguments(this.title, this.message);
}
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