如何在Dart中去掉Textfield onChange?

问题描述 投票:9回答:4

我正在尝试开发一个TextField,在更改时更新Firestore数据库上的数据。它似乎工作,但我需要防止onChange事件多次触发。

在JS我会使用lodash _debounce()但在Dart中我不知道该怎么做。我已经阅读了一些去抖库但我无法弄清楚它们是如何工作的。

这是我的代码,它只是一个测试,所以有些奇怪的东西:

import 'package:flutter/material.dart';
import 'package:cloud_firestore/cloud_firestore.dart';


class ClientePage extends StatefulWidget {

  String idCliente;


  ClientePage(this.idCliente);

  @override
  _ClientePageState createState() => new _ClientePageState();


}

class _ClientePageState extends State<ClientePage> {

  TextEditingController nomeTextController = new TextEditingController();


  void initState() {
    super.initState();

    // Start listening to changes 
    nomeTextController.addListener(((){
        _updateNomeCliente(); // <- Prevent this function from run multiple times
    }));
  }


  _updateNomeCliente = (){

    print("Aggiorno nome cliente");
    Firestore.instance.collection('clienti').document(widget.idCliente).setData( {
      "nome" : nomeTextController.text
    }, merge: true);

  }



  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {

    return new StreamBuilder<DocumentSnapshot>(
      stream: Firestore.instance.collection('clienti').document(widget.idCliente).snapshots(),
      builder: (BuildContext context, AsyncSnapshot<DocumentSnapshot> snapshot) {
        if (!snapshot.hasData) return new Text('Loading...');

        nomeTextController.text = snapshot.data['nome'];


        return new DefaultTabController(
          length: 3,
          child: new Scaffold(
            body: new TabBarView(
              children: <Widget>[
                new Column(
                  children: <Widget>[
                    new Padding(
                      padding: new EdgeInsets.symmetric(
                        vertical : 20.00
                      ),
                      child: new Container(
                        child: new Row(
                          mainAxisAlignment: MainAxisAlignment.spaceEvenly,
                          children: <Widget>[
                            new Text(snapshot.data['cognome']),
                            new Text(snapshot.data['ragionesociale']),
                          ],
                        ),
                      ),
                    ),
                    new Expanded(
                      child: new Container(
                        decoration: new BoxDecoration(
                          borderRadius: BorderRadius.only(
                            topLeft: Radius.circular(20.00),
                            topRight: Radius.circular(20.00)
                          ),
                          color: Colors.brown,
                        ),
                        child: new ListView(
                          children: <Widget>[
                            new ListTile(
                              title: new TextField(
                                style: new TextStyle(
                                  color: Colors.white70
                                ),
                                controller: nomeTextController,
                                decoration: new InputDecoration(labelText: "Nome")
                              ),
                            )
                          ]
                        )
                      ),
                    )
                  ],
                ),
                new Text("La seconda pagina"),
                new Text("La terza pagina"),
              ]
            ),
            appBar: new AppBar(
              title: Text(snapshot.data['nome'] + ' oh ' + snapshot.data['cognome']),
              bottom: new TabBar(          
                tabs: <Widget>[
                  new Tab(text: "Informazioni"),  // 1st Tab
                  new Tab(text: "Schede cliente"), // 2nd Tab
                  new Tab(text: "Altro"), // 3rd Tab
                ],
              ),
            ),
          )
        );

      },
    );

    print("Il widget id è");
    print(widget.idCliente);

  }
}
dart flutter debouncing
4个回答
26
投票

在您的小部件状态中声明一个控制器和计时器:

final _searchQuery = new TextEditingController();
Timer _debounce;

添加一个监听器方法:

_onSearchChanged() {
    if (_debounce?.isActive ?? false) _debounce.cancel();
    _debounce = Timer(const Duration(milliseconds: 500), () {
        // do something with _searchQuery.text
    });
}

将方法挂钩并取消挂钩到控制器:

@override
void initState() {
    super.initState();
    _searchQuery.addListener(_onSearchChanged);
}

@override
void dispose() {
    _searchQuery.removeListener(_onSearchChanged);
    _searchQuery.dispose();
    super.dispose();
}

在构建树中将控制器绑定到TextField:

child: TextField(
        controller: _searchQuery,
        // ...
    )

12
投票

你可以使用Debouncer制作Timer课程

import 'package:flutter/foundation.dart';
import 'dart:async';

class Debouncer {
  final int milliseconds;
  VoidCallback action;
  Timer _timer;

  Debouncer({ this.milliseconds });

  run(VoidCallback action) {
    if (_timer != null) {
      _timer.cancel();
    }

    _timer = Timer(Duration(milliseconds: milliseconds), action);
  }
}

宣布它

final _debouncer = Debouncer(milliseconds: 500);

并触发它

onTextChange(String text) {
  _debouncer.run(() => print(text));
}

2
投票

您可以使用rxdart包使用流创建Observable,然后根据您的要求对其进行去抖动。我认为这个link会帮助你开始。


2
投票

使用rxdart lib中的BehaviorSubject是一个很好的解决方案。它忽略了在前一个X秒内发生的变化。

final searchOnChange = new BehaviorSubject<String>();
...
TextField(onChanged: _search)
...

void _search(String queryString) {
  searchOnChange.add(queryString);
}   

void initState() {    
  searchOnChange.debounce(Duration(seconds: 1)).listen((queryString) { 
  >> request data from your API
  });
}

0
投票

可以使用Future.delayed方法实现简单的去抖动

bool debounceActive = false;
...

//listener method
onTextChange(String text) async {
  if(debounceActive) return null;
  debounceActive = true;
  await Future.delayed(Duration(milliSeconds:700));
  debounceActive = false;
  // hit your api here
}
热门问题
推荐问题
最新问题