如何从PyQt5中显示的excel文件中删除数据并刷新它

问题描述 投票:1回答:1

我的数据库应用程序使用Pandas库。我可以将excel文件显示到我的tableView中,但是每当我从大型机中删除数据并尝试刷新tableView时。它给了我一个keyError。

我正试图让它显示刷新的表格。我试图删除用户要求的行。当它丢弃时它会工作,因为我输出了信息,但tableView本身不会刷新并给出错误。

df = pd.read_excel("filename")
model = PandasModel(df)
self.tableView.setModel(model)
self.tableView.resizeColumnsToContents()
def DeletePlayer(self):
        global df
        choose = self.removePlayerEdit.text()
        if(choose == '0'):
            df = df.drop([0])
            print("Player deleted")
            print(df)
class PandasModel(QtCore.QAbstractTableModel): 
    def __init__(self, df = pd.DataFrame(), parent=None): 
        QtCore.QAbstractTableModel.__init__(self, parent=parent)
        self._df = df

    def headerData(self, section, orientation, role=QtCore.Qt.DisplayRole):
        if role != QtCore.Qt.DisplayRole:
            return QtCore.QVariant()

        if orientation == QtCore.Qt.Horizontal:
            try:
                return self._df.columns.tolist()[section]
            except (IndexError, ):
                return QtCore.QVariant()
        elif orientation == QtCore.Qt.Vertical:
            try:
                # return self.df.index.tolist()
                return self._df.index.tolist()[section]
            except (IndexError, ):
                return QtCore.QVariant()

    def data(self, index, role=QtCore.Qt.DisplayRole):
        if role != QtCore.Qt.DisplayRole:
            return QtCore.QVariant()

        if not index.isValid():
            return QtCore.QVariant()

        return QtCore.QVariant(str(self._df.ix[index.row(), index.column()]))

    def setData(self, index, value, role):
        row = self._df.index[index.row()]
        col = self._df.columns[index.column()]
        if hasattr(value, 'toPyObject'):
            # PyQt4 gets a QVariant
            value = value.toPyObject()
        else:
            # PySide gets an unicode
            dtype = self._df[col].dtype
            if dtype != object:
                value = None if value == '' else dtype.type(value)
        self._df.set_value(row, col, value)
        return True

    def rowCount(self, parent=QtCore.QModelIndex()): 
        return len(self._df.index)

    def columnCount(self, parent=QtCore.QModelIndex()): 
        return len(self._df.columns)

    def sort(self, column, order):
        colname = self._df.columns.tolist()[column]
        self.layoutAboutToBeChanged.emit()
        self._df.sort_values(colname, ascending= order == QtCore.Qt.AscendingOrder, inplace=True)
        self._df.reset_index(inplace=True, drop=True)
        self.layoutChanged.emit()
python-3.x pandas pyqt5
1个回答
1
投票

在实现模型时,您不应该直接访问存储数据(dataframe)的元素,因为如果您修改它,模型将不知道会产生什么问题,而是应该创建修改内部数据但使用的方法beginRemoveRows和endRemoveColumns方法将通知模型更改。

def removeColumn(self, col):
    if 0 <= col < self.columnCount():
        self.beginRemoveRows(QtCore.QModelIndex(), col, col)
        self._df.drop(
            self._df.columns[[col]], axis=1, inplace=True
        )
        self._df.reset_index(inplace=True, drop=True)
        self.endRemoveColumns()

我已将我的初始模型改进为以下内容:

from PyQt5 import QtCore, QtGui, QtWidgets
import pandas as pd
import numpy as np


class FloatDelegate(QtWidgets.QStyledItemDelegate):
    @property
    def decimals(self):
        if not hasattr(self, "_decimals"):
            self._decimals = 2
        return self._decimals

    @decimals.setter
    def decimals(self, decimals):
        self._decimals = decimals

    def createEditor(self, parent, option, index):
        DBL_MAX = 1.7976931348623157e308
        editor = QtWidgets.QDoubleSpinBox(
            parent, minimum=-DBL_MAX, maximum=DBL_MAX, decimals=self.decimals
        )
        return editor

    def setEditorData(self, editor, index):
        editor.setValue(index.data())

    def setModelData(self, editor, model, index):
        model.setData(index, editor.value(), QtCore.Qt.DisplayRole)

    def displayText(self, value, locale):
        return "{}".format(value)


class DataFrameModel(QtCore.QAbstractTableModel):
    DtypeRole = QtCore.Qt.UserRole + 1000
    ValueRole = QtCore.Qt.UserRole + 1001

    def __init__(self, df=pd.DataFrame(), parent=None):
        super(DataFrameModel, self).__init__(parent)
        self._dataframe = df

    def setDataFrame(self, dataframe):
        self.beginResetModel()
        self._dataframe = dataframe.copy()
        self.endResetModel()

    def dataFrame(self):
        return self._dataframe

    dataFrame = QtCore.pyqtProperty(
        pd.DataFrame, fget=dataFrame, fset=setDataFrame
    )

    @QtCore.pyqtSlot(int, QtCore.Qt.Orientation, result=str)
    def headerData(
        self,
        section: int,
        orientation: QtCore.Qt.Orientation,
        role: int = QtCore.Qt.DisplayRole,
    ):
        if role == QtCore.Qt.DisplayRole:
            if orientation == QtCore.Qt.Horizontal:
                return self._dataframe.columns[section]
            else:
                return str(self._dataframe.index[section])
        return QtCore.QVariant()

    def rowCount(self, parent=QtCore.QModelIndex()):
        if parent.isValid():
            return 0
        return len(self._dataframe.index)

    def columnCount(self, parent=QtCore.QModelIndex()):
        if parent.isValid():
            return 0
        return self._dataframe.columns.size

    def data(self, index, role=QtCore.Qt.DisplayRole):
        if not index.isValid() or not (
            0 <= index.row() < self.rowCount()
            and 0 <= index.column() < self.columnCount()
        ):
            return QtCore.QVariant()
        row = self._dataframe.index[index.row()]
        col = self._dataframe.columns[index.column()]
        dt = self._dataframe[col].dtype
        val = self._dataframe.iloc[row][col]
        if role == QtCore.Qt.DisplayRole:
            return val
        elif role == DataFrameModel.ValueRole:
            return val
        if role == DataFrameModel.DtypeRole:
            return dt
        return QtCore.QVariant()

    def setData(self, index, value, role):
        row = self._dataframe.index[index.row()]
        col = self._dataframe.columns[index.column()]
        if hasattr(value, "toPyObject"):
            # PyQt4 gets a QVariant
            value = value.toPyObject()
        else:
            # PySide gets an unicode
            dtype = self._dataframe[col].dtype
            if dtype != object:
                value = None if value == "" else dtype.type(value)
        self._dataframe.at[row, col] = value
        return True

    def flags(self, index):
        flags = (
            QtCore.Qt.ItemIsSelectable
            | QtCore.Qt.ItemIsDragEnabled
            | QtCore.Qt.ItemIsEditable
            | QtCore.Qt.ItemIsEnabled
        )
        return flags

    def roleNames(self):
        roles = {
            QtCore.Qt.DisplayRole: b"display",
            DataFrameModel.DtypeRole: b"dtype",
            DataFrameModel.ValueRole: b"value",
        }
        return roles

    def removeRow(self, row):
        if 0 <= row < self.rowCount():
            self.beginRemoveRows(QtCore.QModelIndex(), row, row)
            self._dataframe.drop([row], inplace=True)
            self._dataframe.reset_index(inplace=True, drop=True)
            self.endRemoveRows()

    def removeColumn(self, col):
        if 0 <= col < self.columnCount():
            self.beginRemoveRows(QtCore.QModelIndex(), col, col)
            self._dataframe.drop(
                self._dataframe.columns[[col]], axis=1, inplace=True
            )
            self._dataframe.reset_index(inplace=True, drop=True)
            self.endRemoveColumns()

    def sort(self, column, order):
        colname = self._dataframe.columns[column]
        self.layoutAboutToBeChanged.emit()
        self._dataframe.sort_values(
            colname, ascending=order == QtCore.Qt.AscendingOrder, inplace=True
        )
        self._dataframe.reset_index(inplace=True, drop=True)
        self.layoutChanged.emit()


class Widget(QtWidgets.QWidget):
    def __init__(self, parent=None):
        super(Widget, self).__init__(parent)

        tableview = QtWidgets.QTableView()
        tableview.setSortingEnabled(True)
        delegate = FloatDelegate(tableview)
        tableview.setItemDelegate(delegate)
        delegate.decimals = 4
        self.spinbox_row = QtWidgets.QSpinBox()
        self.button_row = QtWidgets.QPushButton(
            "Delete Row", clicked=self.remove_row
        )
        self.spinbox_col = QtWidgets.QSpinBox()
        self.button_col = QtWidgets.QPushButton(
            "Delete Column", clicked=self.remove_col
        )

        df = pd.DataFrame(
            np.random.uniform(0, 100, size=(100, 4)), columns=list("ABCD")
        )
        self._model = DataFrameModel(df)

        tableview.setModel(self._model)

        grid = QtWidgets.QGridLayout(self)
        grid.addWidget(tableview, 0, 0, 1, 4)
        grid.addWidget(self.spinbox_row, 1, 0)
        grid.addWidget(self.button_row, 1, 1)
        grid.addWidget(self.spinbox_col, 1, 2)
        grid.addWidget(self.button_col, 1, 3)

        self.on_rowChanged()
        self.on_columnChanged()

        self._model.rowsInserted.connect(self.on_rowChanged)
        self._model.rowsRemoved.connect(self.on_rowChanged)
        self._model.columnsInserted.connect(self.on_columnChanged)
        self._model.columnsRemoved.connect(self.on_columnChanged)

    @QtCore.pyqtSlot()
    def on_rowChanged(self):
        self.spinbox_row.setMaximum(self._model.rowCount() - 1)

    @QtCore.pyqtSlot()
    def on_columnChanged(self):
        self.spinbox_col.setMaximum(self._model.columnCount() - 1)

    @QtCore.pyqtSlot()
    def remove_row(self):
        row = self.spinbox_row.value()
        self._model.removeRow(row)

    @QtCore.pyqtSlot()
    def remove_col(self):
        col = self.spinbox_col.value()
        self._model.removeColumn(col)


if __name__ == "__main__":
    import sys

    app = QtWidgets.QApplication(sys.argv)
    w = Widget()
    w.resize(640, 480)
    w.show()
    sys.exit(app.exec_())