将按钮放入下拉菜单

问题描述 投票:1回答:2

为了有效利用网站空间,我需要更改按钮的外观以下拉列表形式:

HTML:

<h2>Filter DIV Elements</h2>

<div id="myBtnContainer">
  <button class="btn active" onclick="filterSelection('all')"> Show all</button>
  <button class="btn" onclick="filterSelection('cars')"> Cars</button>
  <button class="btn" onclick="filterSelection('animals')"> Animals</button>
  <button class="btn" onclick="filterSelection('fruits')"> Fruits</button>
  <button class="btn" onclick="filterSelection('colors')"> Colors</button>
</div>

<div class="container">
  <div class="filterDiv cars">BMW</div>
  <div class="filterDiv colors fruits">Orange</div>
  <div class="filterDiv cars">Volvo</div>
  <div class="filterDiv colors">Red</div>
  <div class="filterDiv cars animals">Mustang</div>
  <div class="filterDiv colors">Blue</div>
  <div class="filterDiv animals">Cat</div>
  <div class="filterDiv animals">Dog</div>
  <div class="filterDiv fruits">Melon</div>
  <div class="filterDiv fruits animals">Kiwi</div>
  <div class="filterDiv fruits">Banana</div>
  <div class="filterDiv fruits">Lemon</div>
  <div class="filterDiv animals">Cow</div>
</div>

CSS:

.filterDiv {
  float: left;
  background-color: #2196F3;
  color: #ffffff;
  width: 100px;
  line-height: 100px;
  text-align: center;
  margin: 2px;
  display: none;
}

.show {
  display: block;
}

.container {
  margin-top: 20px;
  overflow: hidden;
}

/* Style the buttons */
.btn {
  border: none;
  outline: none;
  padding: 12px 16px;
  background-color: #f1f1f1;
  cursor: pointer;
}

.btn:hover {
  background-color: #ddd;
}

.btn.active {
  background-color: #666;
  color: white;
}

JS:

    filterSelection("all")
function filterSelection(c) {
  var x, i;
  x = document.getElementsByClassName("filterDiv");
  if (c == "all") c = "";
  for (i = 0; i < x.length; i++) {
    w3RemoveClass(x[i], "show");
    if (x[i].className.indexOf(c) > -1) w3AddClass(x[i], "show");
  }
}

function w3AddClass(element, name) {
  var i, arr1, arr2;
  arr1 = element.className.split(" ");
  arr2 = name.split(" ");
  for (i = 0; i < arr2.length; i++) {
    if (arr1.indexOf(arr2[i]) == -1) {element.className += " " + arr2[i];}
  }
}

function w3RemoveClass(element, name) {
  var i, arr1, arr2;
  arr1 = element.className.split(" ");
  arr2 = name.split(" ");
  for (i = 0; i < arr2.length; i++) {
    while (arr1.indexOf(arr2[i]) > -1) {
      arr1.splice(arr1.indexOf(arr2[i]), 1);     
    }
  }
  element.className = arr1.join(" ");
}

// Add active class to the current button (highlight it)
var btnContainer = document.getElementById("myBtnContainer");
var btns = btnContainer.getElementsByClassName("btn");
for (var i = 0; i < btns.length; i++) {
  btns[i].addEventListener("click", function(){
    var current = document.getElementsByClassName("active");
    current[0].className = current[0].className.replace(" active", "");
    this.className += " active";
  });
}

Codepen link

javascript html css
2个回答
1
投票
您可以将click事件处理程序更改为onchange,然后将所有div元素替换为<select>表单输入,我想这也是您要查找的内容,也是codepen:]]

// filterSelection("all") var event = new Event('change'); // Dispatch onchange event here. document.getElementById('myBtnContainer').dispatchEvent(event); function handleChange(event) { let c = event.target.value; var x, i; x = document.getElementsByClassName("filterDiv"); if (c == "all") c = ""; for (i = 0; i < x.length; i++) { w3RemoveClass(x[i], "show"); if (x[i].className.indexOf(c) > -1) w3AddClass(x[i], "show"); } } function w3AddClass(element, name) { var i, arr1, arr2; arr1 = element.className.split(" "); arr2 = name.split(" "); for (i = 0; i < arr2.length; i++) { if (arr1.indexOf(arr2[i]) == -1) {element.className += " " + arr2[i];} } } function w3RemoveClass(element, name) { var i, arr1, arr2; arr1 = element.className.split(" "); arr2 = name.split(" "); for (i = 0; i < arr2.length; i++) { while (arr1.indexOf(arr2[i]) > -1) { arr1.splice(arr1.indexOf(arr2[i]), 1); } } element.className = arr1.join(" "); } // Add active class to the current button (highlight it) var btnContainer = document.getElementById("myBtnContainer"); var btns = btnContainer.getElementsByClassName("btn"); for (var i = 0; i < btns.length; i++) { btns[i].addEventListener("click", function(){ var current = document.getElementsByClassName("active"); current[0].className = current[0].className.replace(" active", ""); this.className += " active"; }); }
.filterDiv {
  float: left;
  background-color: #2196F3;
  color: #ffffff;
  width: 100px;
  line-height: 100px;
  text-align: center;
  margin: 2px;
  display: none;
}

.show {
  display: block;
}

.container {
  margin-top: 20px;
  overflow: hidden;
}
<h2>Filter DIV Elements</h2>

<select id="myBtnContainer" onchange="handleChange(event)">
  <option value='all' selected> Show all</option>
  <option value='cars'> Cars</option>
  <option value='animals'> Animals</option>
  <option value='fruits'> Fruits</option>
  <option value='colors'> Colors</option>
</select>

<div class="container">
  <div class="filterDiv cars">BMW</div>
  <div class="filterDiv colors fruits">Orange</div>
  <div class="filterDiv cars">Volvo</div>
  <div class="filterDiv colors">Red</div>
  <div class="filterDiv cars animals">Mustang</div>
  <div class="filterDiv colors">Blue</div>
  <div class="filterDiv animals">Cat</div>
  <div class="filterDiv animals">Dog</div>
  <div class="filterDiv fruits">Melon</div>
  <div class="filterDiv fruits animals">Kiwi</div>
  <div class="filterDiv fruits">Banana</div>
  <div class="filterDiv fruits">Lemon</div>
  <div class="filterDiv animals">Cow</div>
</div>

1
投票
您可以使用onChange元素的select事件,并且我也删除了不需要的JS代码。
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