为什么在Dispose完成异步任务之前调用它?

问题描述 投票:1回答:1

我最近偶然发现了这个奇怪的错误。在我的方法完成所有异步任务之前,看起来我的一个对象正在处理。但是我们来看看吧。

我有那种种子我的数据库的异步方法。它在Startup方法中被称为Configure类。

private void InitDatabase(IApplicationBuilder app) {
            using (var scope = app.ApplicationServices.CreateScope()) {
                var services = scope.ServiceProvider;
                try {
                    var context = services.GetRequiredService<GrabGoContext>();
                    new DatabaseInitializer().InitializeAsync(context,
                        services.GetService(typeof(UserManager<User>)) as UserManager<User>,
                        services.GetService(typeof(SignInManager<User>)) as SignInManager<User>,
                        services.GetService(typeof(RoleManager<IdentityRole<int>>)) as RoleManager<IdentityRole<int>>,
                        _logger).Wait();
                    _logger.LogDebug("Database initialization finished.");
                }
                catch (Exception ex) {
                    _logger.LogError(ex, "An error occurred while seeding the database.");
                    if (Debugger.IsAttached) Debugger.Break();
                }
            }
        }

而那个来自DatabaseInitializer类的方法:

    public async Task InitializeAsync(GrabGoContext context,
        UserManager<User> userManager,
        SignInManager<User> signInManager,
        RoleManager<IdentityRole<int>> roleManager,
        ILogger<Startup> logger) {

        if(IsDatabaseInialized) return;
        IsDatabaseInialized = true;
        await context.Database.EnsureCreatedAsync();
        await AddStores(context);
        await AddProducts(context);
        await AddRoles(roleManager)
            .ContinueWith(t => AddRolesToUsers(userManager)); // <- Here throws exception "System.ObjectDisposedException" for object `userManager`
        await AddUsers(userManager);
        await context.SaveChangesAsync();
    }

问题是,如果我使用ContinueWith链接任务,它会在System.ObjectDisposedException对象上抛出userManager。但我需要使用ContinueWith,因为在我将用户分配给该角色之前我需要Roles

我的方法负责添加角色

        private async Task AddRoles(RoleManager<IdentityRole<int>> roleManager) {
            if (await roleManager.Roles.AnyAsync()) return;

            var roles = (List<IdentityRole<int>>) new RolesListExample().GetExamples();
            foreach (var role in roles) {
                var result = await roleManager.CreateAsync(role);
                if(!result.Succeeded) throw new ApplicationException("Erros while adding roles: " +
                                                                     JsonConvert.SerializeObject(result.Errors));
            }
        }

        private async Task AddRolesToUsers(UserManager<User> userManager) {
            var registerModels = (List<RegisterModel>)new RegisterListRequestExample().GetExamples();
            foreach(var registerModel in registerModels) {
                var user = await userManager.FindByEmailAsync(registerModel.Email);
                var result = await userManager.AddToRoleAsync(user, registerModel.Role.ToString());
                if(!result.Succeeded)
                    throw new ApplicationException("Erros while adding roles to user: " +
                                                   JsonConvert.SerializeObject(result.Errors));
            }
        }

还有我的RolesListExample课程:

    public class RolesListExample : IExamplesProvider {
        /// <inheritdoc />
        public object GetExamples() {
            var roles = new List<IdentityRole<int>>();
            foreach (var availableRole in (AvailableRoles[]) Enum.GetValues(typeof(AvailableRoles))) {
                roles.Add(new IdentityRole<int>(availableRole.ToString()));
            }
            return roles;
        }
    }

我的问题是:

为什么在完成所有任务之前我的对象处理?

我认为这是因为using。另外我发现Question,但没有为我澄清情况。

@Update

正如@PanagiotisKanavos所建议的,我删除了using声明,它解决了我的处置问题。谢谢!

c# asynchronous asp.net-core .net-core
1个回答
0
投票

您正在等待任务的继续。代替:

await AddRoles(roleManager).ContinueWith(t => AddRolesToUsers(userManager));

...尝试:

var task1 = AddRoles(roleManager);
var task2 = task1.ContinueWith(t => AddRolesToUsers(userManager));
await task1;
await task2;

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